NOBEL The Man and His Prizes by H. SCHOCK R. SOHLMAN A. OSTERLING - G. LILJESTRAND A. WESTGREN M. SIEGBAHN A. SCHOU N. K. STAHLE fzdited by the l obel Foundation UNIVERSITY OF OKLAHOMA PRESS NORMAN PRINTED IN SWEDEN, 1951, FOR THE UNIVERSITY OFMoreNOBEL The Man and His Prizes by H. SCHOCK R. SOHLMAN A. OSTERLING - G.
LILJESTRAND A. WESTGREN M. SIEGBAHN A. SCHOU N. K. STAHLE fzdited by the l obel Foundation UNIVERSITY OF OKLAHOMA PRESS NORMAN PRINTED IN SWEDEN, 1951, FOR THE UNIVERSITY OF OKLAHOMA PRESS BY KLARA CIVILTRYCKERI, STOCKHOLM COPYRIGHT 1930 BY THE NOBEL FOUNDATION, STOCKHOLM ALL RIGHTS RESERVED NO PART OF THIS BOOK MAY BE REPRODUCED IN ANY FORM WITHOUT THE PERMISSION OF THE NOBEL FOUNDATION CONTENTS Page THE NOBEL PRIZES AT MID-CENTURY 9 ALFRED NOBELS WILL 12 ALFRED NOBEL. A BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH. By Henrik Schiick 13 ALFRED NOBEL AND THE NOBEL FOUNDATION.
By Ragnar Sohlman 25 The Closing Years of Alfred Nobels Life 27 Personal Impressions of Alfred Nobel 6 The Settlement of Alfred Nobels Estate 47 The Negotiations with the Heirs and the Prize-Awarding Institutions 60 The Nobel Foundation So THE LITERARY PRIZE. By Anders Dsterling Alfred Nobel and Literature 85 The Swedish Academy and the Nobel Prize in Literature 90 The Literary Prize-Winners 101 THE PRIZE IN PHYSIOLOGY AND MEDICINE. By Goran Liljestrand The Background 135 How the Medical Prize-Winner s are Selected 14 A Statistical Survey of the Nobel Prizes in Physiology and Medicine 160 The Nobel Prizes in Wartime i6j The Prize-Winners and their Fields of Research 180 Microbiology and Serology 182 Chemotherapy 205 Phototherapy.
Fever Treatment 214 Hormones and Vitamins 216 Tumours 234 Genetics. Developmental Mechanics 237 Digestion, Circulation of the Blood. Respiration. Excretion 245 The Chemical Structure of the Body, Intermediary Metabolism 263 The Nervous System. The Sense Organs 277 In Retrospect 303 The Nobel Medical Institute. The Special Fund of the Prize-Jury307 Conclusion 312 References 3 1 j THE CHEMISTRY PRIZE. By Arnc Wcstgrcn Introduction 317 The Chemistry Prizes during the First Few Years 321 Radioactivity and Atomic Chemistry 343 Chemical Thermodynamics and its Technical Applications 359 Colloids and Surface Chemistry 364 X Rays and Electron Interference by Gases and Vapours.
Dipole Moments 369 Inorganic Chemistry 371 Microchemistry 373 Preparative Organic Chemistry 374 The Constitution of Organic Compounds and Biochemistry 376 Agricultural Chemistry 394 THE PHYSICS PRIZE. By Manne Sicgbahn The State of Physics in 1901 397 The First Award 402-Radioactivity and Associated Particle Radiations 406 The Electron, its Charge and Mass 412 Effects of Electricity and Magnetism on Light.
Optical Precision Measurements 416 Electrons from Metals 421 The Physical Basts of Radio Technique 423 Atomic Theory Applied to Gases and Liquids, Low Tem peratures and High Pressures 427 The Quantum Nature of Energy 434 The Quantized Atomic Model 437 X-Rays in Atomic Research 439 Physics and Technology 449 Waves as Quanta.
Particles as Waves 450 The New Quantum Theories 453 Magnetic Quantum Effects 457 Particle Tracks Made Visible 458 New Elementary Particles 461 Artificial Radioactivity 466 New Aids to Nuclear Physics 467 Conclusion THE NOBEL INSTITUTE OF THE ACADEMY OF SCIENCE.
By Arne Westgren 471 THE PEACE PRICE. By August Schou Introduction 475 Pioneer Peace Workers 481 The Development of International Law 498 Mediation and the Policy of Arbitration 506 The International Idea during the First World War 511 The League of Nations and its Leading Men 5x6 Easing of International Tension 1925 jo jz8 The Church and Peace 541 Women and Peace 46 Acts ofAggression in the 1930 and Resistance to them 551 The Second World War and after 565 ADMINISTRATION AND FINANCES OF THE NOBEL FOUNDATION.
By Nils K...